Too User Friendly: How Apps Are Stifling Learning

STEM Education Shouldn't Rely On Devices

STEM Needs More Than Devices

Many schools are quickly adopting to the ease and portability of devices in their classroom. While devices do offer learning opportunities, they can also be problematic. But there is one issue that seems to continually be overlooked specifically in STEM classrooms – apps are stifling learning.

Devices are too user friendly for STEM educators, and this is a problem.. While being user friendly may look positive (who wants technology problems when trying to run a tech-heavy lesson), a very important part of learning is lost with this ease. Students no longer need to troubleshoot technology.

Devices today are designed so that anyone, and everyone, can pick one up. This includes the 4 year old wanting to watch a movie, and the 70 year old who has never owned a smartphone before. From the user interface to the obsessive updates, apps don’t have many user issues.

It is completely possible that a student today can go through their lives at home, and at school, and never touch a laptop or desktop computer. Yet many places of work, especially STEM jobs, heavily rely on computers over devices. These same jobs also value troubleshooting as an extremely valuable skill.

Unfortunately, students going through school today are missing out on the experiences they need to troubleshoot technology. They are learning and problem solving, but they are not experiencing the  gritty frustration that comes with computers.

Schools that offer STEM courses need to recognize that troubleshooting is not only a positive, but a necessary skill students will need to survive in STEM jobs outside public education. Districts need to pause when considering a full device overhaul, and recognize that devices may not offer the best learning opportunities for all students. Otherwise our students are being sent forth into a complex world of technology, without one of the necessary skills to excel.

Teaching Tip # 11 – Attention Getters

Strategies for gaining your students attention.

Gathering the Attention of Your Students

How do you get your student’s attention? Using attention getters can allow you to refocus your student’s attention quickly, without wasting learning time in the classroom.

Attention getters are simple, often repeatable, communication techniques used to gather your student’s attention. They should be quick, and different than the regular procedures and noises of the classroom. Below is a short list of attention getter ideas.

  • Simple Countdown (Eyes up in 3, voices off in 2, tracking in 1, 0)
  • Sensory Reminders (Lights on and off, music on and off, etc.)
  • Call and Response (When I say “bring it”, you say “back”)
  • Quick Movement (3 jumping jacks and eyes on me)

Dr. Sharrocky Hollie, a leader in Culturally Responsive Teaching, discusses the importance of adding rhythm, chants, and music to the classroom. This can help validate student’s family, youth, and ethnic culture in the classroom. Attention getters are a great place to begin practicing these strategies (another is props and love).

There are two important aspects to remember while implementing attention getters in your classroom. First, be consistent with how you utilize the strategy. Students need to know what to expect when you begin the attention getter. Second, be sure to explicitly teach students your expectations with the attention getters. Just like most skills in school, students need to be taught what to expect when you begin an attention getter.

Finally, be creative! Put a little bit of yourself into your attention getters. Make them unique, fun, and different than those around you!

Teaching Tip # 10 – Bellringers

Giving students bellringers to start class is an effective learning strategy.

Learning Starts Before the Bell

Students begin walking into your room. What is the first thing they do? The answer might be a bellringer.

Bellringers go by many other names, such as openers, journals, or daily work. They are small assignments that students work on as they enter the classroom. This strategy is very effective for many reasons.

According to Harry Wong, use of a bellringer is an extremely effective practice. It teaches students that class is a place of learning, and that learning occurs as soon as the students enter the classroom. However, bellringers offer many more benefits than this.

Bellringers can prevent instructional time from being wasted if you, the teacher, are unable to be in class immediately upon starting. They offer flexibility among content, giving you an opportunity to pretest what is coming up or review what was learned yesterday. Additionally, bellringers can be built into the procedure so students can be learning while other teacher duties are being taken care of (such as attendance). Most excitingly, they can offer practice when needed, challenges when necessary, and can even be used to ‘spice things up’.

Below are a few examples of how bellringers can be used in your classroom.

Bellringers are an effective instructional practice that offer students the opportunity to learn immediately upon entering the classroom, and can be used as flexible tool for instruction, review, or any other number of strategies within your pedagogy.

Teaching Tip #9 – Props and Love

How giving props and love can improve student responses.

Giving Props and Love To Your Students

A student takes a risk, shares an answer, or volunteers for a task. How do you respond to create an environment of positive support and opportunity? The answer, is props and love.

Many different teaching programs support the idea of props and love. Teach Like a Champion encourages teachers to give their students “props” when the students take risks in the classroom and join discussion. Culturally Responsive Teaching encourages the same, but for a simpler reason – some students just need outrageous love.

Props and love can be shown in many different ways. Instead of just moving on after a student shares, give positive reinforcement in the form of claps, rhymes, or other movement. Some examples are given below.

– Ask the class to give the sharing student a big “Woot Woot!”

– “Three clasp for ________________!”

– “Let’s give ___________________ some finger snaps!”

– “One big star jump for ______________________!”

– Mime pulling out a hammer and hammering in a nail, saying, “Nailed it!”

There are many different examples of props and love, and you can be creative and find ones that fit your own style. There are certainly other ways to respond to students responding to question, but introducing props and love to your classroom allow your students to be motivated to seize opportunities, and continue sharing and taking risks in your classroom.

STEM Is No Longer Enough

Why STEM Communication Needs to be Taught

The Need to Teach Digital Communication

Offering STEM to students is becoming more and more popular in schools across the nation, as the STEM job market has exploded in the last two decades. It has gotten so popular that some schools have been marketing themselves with a complete STEM framework. However, with the increased offering of STEM courses to students, comes an increased need in STEM teachers.

For the most part, schools are turning to the traditional fields of math and science to find teachers for STEM courses. That seems to make sense – after all, science and math both make up part of the STEM acronym. However, focusing solely on the fields of science and math show a fundamental misunderstanding of what is needed to offer comprehensive coverage for students in STEM.

STEM needs language teachers.

There are two extremely important reasons for this. The first, is programming. One of the largest components of the STEM field is learning to code. What better way to learn a literal new language (with grammar, syntax, etc.) than have it taught by a teacher trained in languages? While a programming language and a conversational language (like English or Spanish) serve different uses, the same underlying structures are used. By not hiring language teachers, districts are selling themselves, and their students short.

But more importantly, digital communication needs to be taught. Too many students (and too many adults) do not know how to communicate effectively online.

Scroll through Youtube comments. Take a look at facebook, reddit, twitter. Look at the impact of fake news and biased journalism. Read about any number of cyberbullying stories in the news, and their tragic end. These are real, relevant issues that are impacting our world in a major way, and yet our STEM courses are focusing on robotics.

We need teachers that can not only engage in the communication issues we see throughout our social media platforms, but also teachers that can educate our students on how to best navigate the generally unsupervised depths of the internet.

Too many students learn from their peers about online communication. Too many students learn from Youtube, from Snapchat and from their own Instagram feed about how to respond to others. Too many students are unable to recognize how digital actions have real life consequences. Too many students unquestioningly believe what they read online.

You can replace “student” with “people”, and the above paragraph reads just as true.

So what can we do?

We need to refocus STEM. STEM has many components, from programming to designing to engineering. The arts have been added to create STEAM. While a new acronym is not necessary, we need to add a communication component. It is not enough to ask media specialists to do one lesson a week on digital citizenship. It is not enough to ask homeroom teachers to talk about online bullying, or to have a school-wide hashtag.

STEM programs need to commit to one of the largest needs in our student population today. STEM programs need to hire language teachers, and explicitly teach digital communication to our students. Otherwise, we are sending our students into an increasingly digital world without the skills they need to navigate it.

Teaching Tip # 8.5 – Engaging in Learning

Engaging in Learning

Six strategies to help engage your students in learning – Part 2

What can you do to improve students engaging in learning? Below is a list – continued from yesterday’s article – of the six strategies from Chip and Dan Heath’s free resource, Teaching that Sticks. The final three strategies they present are continued in this teaching tip.

  • Simple
  • Unexpected
  • Concrete
  • Credible
  • Emotional
  • Story

Credible – This strategy can be restated to something we’ve all heard – you have to see it, to believe it. When students are presented with claims or statistics, allow them an opportunity to experience what they will be learning. This grounds their experience with the data, and allows them to connect to the learning much easier.

Emotional – Connect learning to the heart, or gut. This can be used with great impact when students ask, “Why do we need to learn this?” Make the learning personal to the students and their lives. In their resource, the Heath brothers discuss a lesson on the Civil War, and having two students attempt to use a bone saw to cut through the femur of a cow. This elicited an extremely emotional response from the students, as the teacher connected that idea to the one of battlefield amputations. While appropriateness should always be considered, there is no doubt that this strategy can be used with great impact on making sure the learning sticks.

Story – Stories have been used to pass information down from generation to generation for thousands of years. Make use of this tool in your classroom. Build your lessons into stories, so students can remember the path easier. Bring stories into your classrooms from diaries, interviews, and testimonials. Real people inhabit the world we learn about, so make the learning real for your students, by bringing in their stories.

These six activities can help increase the engagement your students have within your lessons, and connect them to the learning. They can also, to an extent, create hooks to draw in your students to the lesson easier.

If you are looking for more reading, I would suggest checking out Chip Heath and Dan Heath’s book, Made to Stick: Why Some Ideas Survive and Others Die.

Teaching Tip #8 – Engaging in Learning

Engaging in Learning

Six strategies to help engage your students in learning – Part 1

You’ve designed a great lesson full of great strategies that lead your students in their learning. You begin the lesson, but within the first few minutes, the students have checked out. Something didn’t engage your students through the lesson. What did you do wrong? How can you get your students to engage in learning?

While there are many strategies that can be used to keep your students engaged, six effective strategies have been outlined in Chip and Dan Heath’s free resource Teaching that Sticks. The six strategies presented in the resource are:

  • Simple
  • Unexpected
  • Concrete
  • Credible
  • Emotional
  • Story

Simple – Another way to describe this strategy, is to make connections using simple analogies. Teaching fractions? Connect it to eight pieces of pizza. Teaching variables? Connect it to cups of information. Simple ideas are able to connect something students know, to something they don’t know. They are the starting block that leads to deeper learning later on.

Unexpected – Begin your lesson with a completely unexpected idea. Draw your students in by delivering a gap of knowledge that is, well, unexpected. The easiest way to do this is to deliver an unexpected question. Why do some people go bald, and others don’t? How did gamers unlock the mystery structure of a protein in 3 weeks, that had previously stumped scientists for over a decade? Starting your lesson by showing your students what they need to learn, in an unexpected way, can keep them engaged throughout.

Concrete – When teaching abstract concepts (mathematical functions, honesty, prejudice), connect them to something in real life. Role play situations that allow students to experience the importance of honesty, or the pain of prejudice. Run an experiment that outlines the data within a mathematical function. Giving your students real life experience in abstract concepts allow sensory connection to the learning.

The second half of this article will be published here tomorrow, showing all 6 strategies that Chip and Dan Heath outline in their excellent resource, Teaching That Sticks.